Christie, A. B. et al. (1974),Infectious Diseases: Epidemiology and Clinical Practice,2nd Ed. Churchill Livingstone.

Crump J. A. et al. The global burden of typhoid fever. Bulletin of the World Health Organisation (2004),82: 346-353.

Felix A. and Pitt R.M. Virulence and immunogenic activities of B.Typhosus in relation to its antigenic constituents. J. Hyg. (1935), 35: 428-436.

Gupta, A .Swarnkar ,N.K. et al. Changing antibiotic sensitivity in enteric fever J. Tropical Pediadtr.(2001), 147:369-398.

Hoffman, S. et  al. Bone marrow aspirate culture superior to streptokinase clot culture and 8 ml 1:10 blood- to- broth ratio blood culture for diagnosis of Typhoid fever .Am J.Trop. Med. Hyg(1986), 35: 836-839

Kossaczka, Z. et al. Synthesis and immunological properties of Vi and Di-O-Acetyl Pectin protein conjugates with adipic acid dihydrazide as the linker. Infect immunity (1997),65:2088-2093.

Kossaczka, Z. et al. Safety and immunogenicity  of Vi conjugate vaccine for Typhoid fever in adults, teenagers and 2 to 4 years old children in Vietnam. Infect Immunity (1999), 67:5806-5810.

Lin F. Y. et al. The efficacy of a Salmonella typhi Vi conjugate vaccine in 2 to 5 year old children.  Engl J.Med,(2001) 344: 1263-1269.

Lanh, M. N., et al. Persistent efficacy of Vi conjugate vaccine against typhoid fever in young children. N .Engl. J.Med. (2003) 349 :1390-1391.

Robbins J.D.,Robbins J.B. Reexamination of the protective role of the capsular polysaccharide (Vi antigen)of Salmonella typhi. The journal of infectious Diseases(1984),150 :436-449.

Saha ,M. R. et al. A note on incidence of Typhoid fever in diverse age groups in Kolkata, India. Jpn. J . infect. Dis.(2003),56: 121-122.

Saha, S. K., Baqui, A. H. et al. Typhoid fever in Bangladesh: Implications for vaccination policy. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (2001),20: 521-524.

Sen, S. K. and Mahakur, A. C. Enteric fever in children aged less than 5 years. Lancet (1999),354:734-737.

Sinha et al. Costs of illness due to typhoid fever in an Indian Urban slum community: Implications for vaccination policy. J. Hlth. popul. Nutr. (2004), 22 : 304- 310.

Szu, S. C.,Stone, A. L. et al. Vi capsular polysaccharide-protein conjugates for prevention of typhoid fever. J. Exp. Med. (1987) 166:1510-1524.

Company information

Bio-Med (P) Limited was established with an abiding faith in the wisdom enshrined in the age-old saying………….
“Prevention is better than cure”
It was with this objective that Bio-Med embarked on its noble mission of producing world-class vaccines essential to the needs of a developing country-India.